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msgrouting.py

#
# Copyright 2009 Dan Smith <dsmith@danplanet.com>
#
# This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
# the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
# (at your option) any later version.
#
# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
# GNU General Public License for more details.
#
# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
# along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

import sys
import threading
import time
import os
import smtplib
import shutil
from glob import glob

try:
    from email.mime.multipart import MIMEMultipart
    from email.mime.base import MIMEBase
    from email.mime.text import MIMEText
    from email.message import Message
except ImportError:
    # Python 2.4
    from email import MIMEMultipart
    from email import MIMEBase
    from email import MIMEText 
    from email import Message 

import gobject

import formgui
import signals
import emailgw
import utils
import wl2k
import mainapp
import traceback

CALL_TIMEOUT_RETRY = 300

MSG_LOCK_LOCK = threading.Lock()

def __msg_lockfile(fn):
    name = os.path.basename(fn)
    path = os.path.dirname(fn)
    return os.path.join(path, ".lock.%s" % name)

def msg_is_locked(fn):
    return os.path.exists(__msg_lockfile(fn))

def msg_lock(fn):
    MSG_LOCK_LOCK.acquire()
    if not msg_is_locked(fn):
        lf = file(__msg_lockfile(fn), "w")
        traceback.print_stack(file=lf)
        lf.close()
        success = True
    else:
        lf = file(__msg_lockfile(fn), "r")
        print "------ LOCK OWNED BY -------\n%s------------\n" % lf.read()
        lf.close()
        success = False
    MSG_LOCK_LOCK.release()

    #print "Locked %s: %s" % (fn, success)
    return success

def msg_unlock(fn):
    success = True
    MSG_LOCK_LOCK.acquire()
    try:
        os.remove(__msg_lockfile(fn))
    except OSError:
        utils.log_exception()
        success = False
    MSG_LOCK_LOCK.release()

    #print "Unlocked %s: %s" % (fn, success)
    return success

def gratuitous_next_hop(route, path):
    path_nodes = path[1:]
    route_nodes = route.split(";")

    if len(path_nodes) >= len(route_nodes):
        print "Nothing left in the routes"
        return None

    for i in range(0, len(path_nodes)):
        if path_nodes[i] != route_nodes[i]:
            print "Path element %i (%s) does not match route %s" % \
                (i, path_nodes[i], route_nodes[i])
            return None

    return route_nodes[len(path_nodes)]

def is_sendable_dest(mycall, string):
    
    # Specifically for me
    if string == mycall:
        print "for me"
        return False

    # Empty string
    if not string.strip():
        print "empty: %s %s" % (string, string.strip())
        return False

    # Is an email address:
    if "@" in string:
        print "is an Email"
        return True

    # Contains lowercase characters
    if string != string.upper():
        print "lowercase"
        return False

    # Contains spaces
    if string != string.split()[0]:
        print "spaces"
        return False

    # Contains a gratuitous route and we're the last in line
    if ";" in string and string.split(";")[-1] == mycall:
        print "End of grat"
        return False

    print "default to call"

    # Looks like it's a candidate to be routed
    return True

def form_to_email(config, msgfn, replyto=None):
    form = formgui.FormFile(msgfn)
    form.configure(config)

    if not replyto:
        replyto = "DO_NOT_REPLY@d-rats.com"

    sender = form.get_path_src()
    for i in "<>\"'":
        if i in sender:
            sender = sender.replace(i, "")

    root = MIMEMultipart("related")
    root["Subject"] = form.get_subject_string()
    root["From"] = '"%s" <%s>' % (sender, replyto)
    root["To"] = form.get_path_dst()
    root["Reply-To"] = root["From"]
    root["Message-id"] = form.get_path_mid()
    root.preamble = "This is a multi-part message in MIME format"

    altp = MIMEMultipart("alternative")
    root.attach(altp)

    warn = "This message is a D-RATS rich form and is only viewable " +\
        "in D_RATS itself or in an HTML-capable email client"

    if form.id == "email":
        altp.attach(MIMEText(form.get_field_value("message"), "plain"))
    else:
        altp.attach(MIMEText(warn, "plain"))
        altp.attach(MIMEText(form.export_to_string(), "html"))

    payload = MIMEBase("d-rats", "form_xml")
    payload.set_payload(form.get_xml())
    payload.add_header("Content-Disposition",
                       "attachment",
                       filename="do_not_open_me")
    root.attach(payload)

    del form

    return root

def move_to_folder(config, msg, folder):
    newfn = os.path.join(config.form_store_dir(),
                         folder,
                         os.path.basename(msg))
    msg_lock(newfn)
    shutil.move(msg, newfn)
    msg_unlock(newfn)

def move_to_outgoing(config, msg):
    return move_to_folder(config, msg, "Outbox")

00196 class MessageRoute(object):
    def __init__(self, line):
        self.dest, self.gw, self.port = line.split()

00200 class MessageRouter(gobject.GObject):
    __gsignals__ = {
        "get-station-list" : signals.GET_STATION_LIST,
        "user-send-form" : signals.USER_SEND_FORM,
        "form-sent" : signals.FORM_SENT,
        "form-received" : signals.FORM_RECEIVED,
        "ping-station" : signals.PING_STATION,
        "event" : signals.EVENT,
        }
    _signals = __gsignals__

    def _emit(self, signal, *args):
        gobject.idle_add(self.emit, signal, *args)

    def __proxy_emit(self, signal):
        def handler(obj, *args):
            print "Proxy emit %s: %s" % (signal, args)
            self._emit(signal, *args)
        return handler

    def __init__(self, config):
        gobject.GObject.__init__(self)

        self.__event = threading.Event()

        self.__config = config

        self.__sent_call = {}
        self.__sent_port = {}
        self.__file_to_call = {}
        self.__failed_stations = {}
        self.__pinged_stations = {}

        self.__thread = None
        self.__enabled = False

    def _get_routes(self):
        rf = self.__config.platform.config_file("routes.txt")
        try:
            f = file(rf)
            lines = f.readlines()
            f.close()
        except IOError:
            return {}

        routes = {}

        for line in lines:
            if not line.strip() or line.startswith("#"):
                continue
            try:
                dest, gw, port = line.split()
                routes[dest] = gw
            except Exception, e:
                print "Error parsing line '%s': %s" % (line, e)

        return routes

    def _sleep(self):
        t = self.__config.getint("settings", "msg_flush")
        time.sleep(t)

    def _p(self, string):
        print "[MR] %s" % string
        import sys
        sys.stdout.flush()

    def _get_queue(self):
        queue = {}

        qd = os.path.join(self.__config.form_store_dir(), "Outbox")
        fl = glob(os.path.join(qd, "*.xml"))
        for f in fl:
            if not msg_lock(f):
                print "Message %s is locked, skipping" % f
                continue

            form = formgui.FormFile(f)
            call = form.get_path_dst()
            del form

            if not call:
                msg_unlock(f)
                continue
            elif not queue.has_key(call):
                queue[call] = [f]
            else:
                queue[call].append(f)
        
        return queue

    def _send_form(self, call, port, filename):
        self.__sent_call[call] = time.time()
        self.__sent_port[port] = time.time()
        self.__file_to_call[filename] = call
        self._emit("user-send-form", call, port, filename, "Foo")

    def _sent_recently(self, call):
        if self.__sent_call.has_key(call):
            return (time.time() - self.__sent_call[call]) < CALL_TIMEOUT_RETRY
        return False

    def _port_free(self, port):
        return not self.__sent_port.has_key(port)

    def _route_msg(self, src, dst, path, slist, routes):
        invalid = []

        def old(call):
            station = slist.get(call, None)
            if not station:
                return True
            ttl = self.__config.getint("settings", "station_msg_ttl")
            return (time.time() - station.get_heard()) > ttl

        while True:
            # Choose the @route for @dst

            if ";" in dst:
                # Gratuitous routing takes precedence
                route = gratuitous_next_hop(dst, path)
                print "Route for %s: %s (%s)" % (dst, route, path)
                break
            elif "@" in dst and dst not in invalid and \
                    not ":" in dst and \
                    emailgw.validate_incoming(self.__config, src, dst):
                # Out via email
                route = dst
            elif slist.has_key(dst) and dst not in invalid:
                # Direct send
                route = dst
            elif routes.has_key(dst) and routes[dst] not in invalid:
                # Static route present
                route = routes[dst]
            elif routes.has_key("*") and routes["*"] not in invalid:
                # Default route
                route = routes["*"]
            elif dst.upper().startswith("WL2K:"):
                route = dst
            else:
                route = None
                break

            # Validate the @route

            if route.upper().startswith("WL2K:"):
                break # WL2K is easy
            elif route != dst and route in path:
                print "Route %s in path" % route
                invalid.append(route)
                route = None # Don't route to the same location twice
            elif self._is_station_failed(route):
                print "Route %s is failed" % route
                invalid.append(route)
                route = None # This one is not responding lately
            elif old(route) and self._station_pinged_out(route):
                print "Route %s for %s is pinged out" % (route, dst)
                invalid.append(route)
                route = None # This one has been pinged and isn't responding
            else:
                break # We have a route to try

        if not route:
            self._p("No route for station %s" % dst)
        elif old(route) and "@" not in route and ":" not in route:
            # This station is heard, but a long time ago.  Ping it first
            # and consider it unrouteable for now
            route_station = slist.get(route, None)
            self._station_pinged_incr(route)
            if route_station:
                self._p("Pinging stale route %s" % route)
                self._emit("ping-station", route, route_station.get_port())
            route = None
        else :
            self._station_pinged_clear(route)
            self._p("Routing message for %s to %s" % (dst, route))

        return route

    def _form_to_wl2k_em(self, dst, msgfn):
        form = formgui.FormFile(msgfn)

        if form.id != "email":
            raise Exception("WL2K support requires email type message")

        payload = form.get_field_value("message")

        call = self.__config.get("user", "callsign")
        call = "".join([x for x in call if x.isalpha()])
        mid = time.strftime("D%H%M%S") + call[:12]

        msg = "Mid: %s\r\n" % mid + \
            "Subject: %s\r\n" % form.get_subject_string() + \
            "From: %s\r\n" % form.get_path_src() + \
            "To: %s\r\n" % dst + \
            "Body: %i\r\n" % len(payload) + \
            "Date: %s\r\n" % time.strftime("%Y/%m/%d %H:%M", time.gmtime()) + \
            "\r\n" + \
            payload + "\r\n" + \
            "\r\n"

        return msg

    def _route_via_email(self, call, msgfn):
        server = self.__config.get("settings", "smtp_server")
        replyto = self.__config.get("settings", "smtp_replyto")
        tls = self.__config.getboolean("settings", "smtp_tls")
        user = self.__config.get("settings", "smtp_username")
        pwrd = self.__config.get("settings", "smtp_password")
        port = self.__config.getint("settings", "smtp_port")

        msg = form_to_email(self.__config, msgfn, replyto)

        mailer = smtplib.SMTP(server, port)
        mailer.set_debuglevel(1)

        mailer.ehlo()
        if tls:
            mailer.starttls()
            mailer.ehlo()
        if user and pwrd:
            mailer.login(user, pwrd)

        mailer.sendmail(replyto, msg["To"], msg.as_string())
        mailer.quit()
        self._emit("form-sent", -1, msgfn)

        return True

    def _route_via_station(self, call, route, slist, msg):
        if self._sent_recently(route):
            self._p("Call %s is busy" % route)
            return False

        print slist
        port = slist[route].get_port()
        if not self._port_free(port):
            self._p("I think port %s is busy" % port)
            return False # likely already a transfer going here so skip it

        self._p("Sending %s to %s (via %s)" % (msg, call, route))
        self._send_form(route, port, msg)

        return True

    def _route_via_wl2k(self, src, dst, msgfn):
        foo, addr = dst.split(":")
        msg = self._form_to_wl2k_em(addr, msgfn)

        def complete(thread, status, error):
            if status:
                self._emit("form-sent", -1, msgfn)
            else:
                print "Failed to send via WL2K: %s" % error

        mt = wl2k.wl2k_auto_thread(mainapp.get_mainapp(), src, send_msgs=[msg])
        mt.connect("mail-thread-complete", complete)
        mt.connect("event", self.__proxy_emit("event"))
        mt.connect("form-received", self.__proxy_emit("form-received"))
        mt.connect("form-sent", self.__proxy_emit("form-sent"))
        mt.start()

        return True

    def _route_message(self, msg, slist, routes):
        form = formgui.FormFile(msg)
        path = form.get_path()
        emok = path[-2:] != ["EMAIL", self.__config.get("user", "callsign")]
        src = form.get_path_src()
        dst = form.get_path_dst()
        del form

        routed = False
        route = self._route_msg(src, dst, path, slist, routes)

        if not route:
            pass
        elif route.upper().startswith("WL2K:"):
            routed = self._route_via_wl2k(src, route, msg)
        elif "@" in src and "@" in dst:
            # Don't route a message from email to email
            pass
        elif "@" in route:
            if emok:
                routed = self._route_via_email(dst, msg)
        else:
            routed = self._route_via_station(dst, route, slist, msg)

        return routed

    def _run_one(self, queue):
        plist = self.emit("get-station-list")
        slist = {}

        routes = self._get_routes()

        for port, stations in plist.items():
            for station in stations:
                slist[str(station)] = station

        for dst, callq in queue.items():
            for msg in callq:

                try:
                    routed = self._route_message(msg, slist, routes)
                except Exception:
                    utils.log_exception()
                    routed = False
    
                if not routed:
                    msg_unlock(msg)
    
    def _run(self):
        while self.__enabled:
            if self.__config.getboolean("settings", "msg_forward") or \
                    self.__event.isSet():
                print "Running routing loop"
                queue = self._get_queue()

                try:
                    self._run_one(queue)
                except Exception, e:
                    utils.log_exception()
                    print "Fail-safe unlocking messages in queue:"
                    for msgs in queue.values():
                        for msg in msgs:
                            print "Unlocking %s" % msg
                            msg_unlock(msg)

                self.__event.clear()
            self.__event.wait(self.__config.getint("settings", "msg_flush"))

    def trigger(self):
        if not self.__thread.isAlive():
            self.start()
        else:
            self.__event.set()

    def start(self):
        self._p("Starting message router thread")
        self.__enabled = True
        self.__event.clear()
        self.__thread = threading.Thread(target=self._run)
        self.__thread.setDaemon(True)
        self.__thread.start()

    def stop(self):
        self.__enabled = False
        self.__thread.join()

    def _update_path(self, fn, call):
        form = formgui.FormFile(fn)
        form.add_path_element(call)
        form.save_to(fn)

    def _station_succeeded(self, call):
        self.__failed_stations[call] = 0

    def _station_failed(self, call):
        self.__failed_stations[call] = self.__failed_stations.get(call, 0) + 1
        print "Fail count for %s is %i" % (call, self.__failed_stations[call])

    def _is_station_failed(self, call):
        return self.__failed_stations.get(call, 0) >= 3

    def _station_pinged_incr(self, call):
        self.__pinged_stations[call] = self.__pinged_stations.get(call, 0) + 1
        return self.__pinged_stations[call]

    def _station_pinged_clear(self, call):
        self.__pinged_stations[call] = 0

    def _station_pinged_out(self, call):
        return self.__pinged_stations.get(call, 0) >= 3

    def form_xfer_done(self, fn, port, failed):
        self._p("File %s on %s done" % (fn, port))

        if fn and msg_is_locked(fn):
            msg_unlock(fn)

        call = self.__file_to_call.get(fn, None)
        if call and self.__sent_call.has_key(call):
            # This callsign completed (or failed) a transfer
            if failed:
                self._station_failed(call)
            else:
                self._station_succeeded(call)
                self._update_path(fn, call)

            del self.__sent_call[call]
            del self.__file_to_call[fn]

        if self.__sent_port.has_key(port):
            # This port is now open for another transfer
            del self.__sent_port[port]


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